Pengaruh Suhu Sintering Terhadap Pembentukan Fase Superkonduktor BSCCO-2223 dengan Kadar Ca = 2,10 Menggunakan Metode Pencampuran Basah

Komala Dewi, Suprihatin Suprihatin, Syafriadi Syafriadi


This study was conducted to determine the effect of sintering temperature on the formation of BSCCO-2223 superconductor phase with levels of Ca = 2,10 using the wet mixing method. The materials used were Bi2O3, SrCO3, CaCO3, CuO, HNO3 and aquades. Synthesis is carried out by dissolving the materials using HNO3 and aquades slowly then the solution is dried for 40 hours at a temperature of 300, 400 and 600 °C gradually. The samples were calcined at 800 ° C for 10 hours and each was sintered with temperature variations of 850, 855, 860 and 865 °C for 20 hours. The XRD result shows that the sintering temperature has an effect on the formation of BSCCO-2223 superconductor phase, with volume fraction value which tends to increase with increasing sintering temperature. The highest volume fraction was obtained in the BSCCO-2223 sample with sintering temperature of 865 °C which is 79,49%. SEM result shows that all samples have arranged layers (oriented) with relatively small empty space between the plaques (void). The highest orientation degree is in the BSCCO-2223 sample with sintering temperature of 860 °C which is 23,77%.


Superconductor, BSCCO-2223, sintering, volume fraction, orientation degree.

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 400 times
PDF - 129 times

Full Text:



E. Marlianto, “Studi ultrasonik pada bahan superkonduktor suhu tinggi,” Skripsi, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, 2008.

B. A. Albiss, I. M. Obaidat, M. Gharaibeh, H. Ghamlouche, and S. M. Obeidat, “Impact of addition of magnetic nanoparticles on vortex pinning and microstructure properties of BiSrCaCuO superconductor,” Solid State Commun., vol. 150, no. 33–34, pp. 1542–547, 2010.

L. Masur, D. Parker, M. Tanner, E. Podtburg, D. Buczek, J. Scudiere, P. Caracino, S. Spreafico, P. Corsaro, and M. Nassi, “Long length manufacturing of high performance BSCCO-2223 tape for the Detroit Edison Power Cable Project,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond., vol. 11, no. 1 III, pp. 3256–3260, 2001.

J. A. Hcamargo, D. Espitia, and R. Baquero, “First principles study of electronic structure of Bi2Sr2Ca2Cu3O10,” Rev. Mex. Fis., vol. 6, pp. 39–45, 2014.

Windartun, Superkonduktor. Bandung: Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, 2008.

Nurmalita, “The effect of Pb dopant on the volume fraction of BSCCO-2212 superconducting,” Jurnal Natural, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 1–6, 2011.

Nurmalita, “The dc electrical resistivity curves of bismuth-2212 ceramic superconductors: evaluation of the hole-carrier concentrations per-Cu ion,” J. Aceh Phys. Soc., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 9–13, 2016.

Lusiana, “Proses pembuatan material superkonduktor BSCCO dengan metoda padatan,” Maj. Metal., vol. 28, pp. 73–82, 2013.

H. Widodo dan Darminto, “Nanokristalisasi superkonduktor Bi2Sr2Ca2Cu3O10+δ dan Bi1.6Pb0.4Sr2Ca2Cu3O10+δ dengan metode kopresipitasi dan pencampuran basah,” Jurnal Ilmu Pengetahuan dan Teknologi TELAAH, vol. 28, pp. 6-19, 2010.

I. Marhaendrajaya, “Eksperimen pembentukan kristal BPSCCO-2223 dengan metoda lelehan,” Jurnal Berkala Fisika, vol. 4, no. 2, 2001.

K. Khafifah, M. A. Baqiya, and Darminto, “Nanokristalisasi superkonduktor Bi2Sr2Ca2Cu3O10+δ dengan variasi kalsinasi dan sinter melalui metode pencampuran basah,” Skripsi, ITS, Surabaya, 2010.

Y. Subarwanti, “Sintesis superkonduktor Bi-2223 tanpa doping Pb (BPSCCO-2223) dengan kadar Ca = 2.10 pada berbagai suhu sintering,” Skripsi, Universitas Lampung, Bandar Lampung, 2013.

E. Yufita dan Nurmalita, “The effect of sintering time on surface morfology of Pb-doped Bi-2223 oxydes superconductors prepared by the solid state reaction methods at 840 oC,” J. Aceh Phys. Soc., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 1–5, 2016.


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.