KARAKTERISTIK HABITUS DAN LINGKUNGAN POHON SARANG SEMUT RANGRANG (Oecophylla smaragdina) DI BANDAR LAMPUNG

Dewi Ariska, Suratman Umar, Nismah Nukmal, M. Kanedi

Abstract


The weaver ant (Oecophylla smaragdina) is a eusocial insect, whose colonic life is highly dependent on the existence of trees. The existence of the weaver ant in natural habitat is now reduced due to the destruction of habitats caused by humans. To preserve the existence of weaver ant in nature needs to be studied bioecology as the purpose of this research is to know the characteristics of habitus and environment of weaver ants nest in Bandar Lampung. The research was conducted in June-October 2017 at the location of yard and plantation, using 50% sample from the sample population, from 20 districts in Bandar Lampung, 10 sub-districts were used as randomly selected research sites. The results showed as many as 15 types of plants used weaver ant for nesting. The most widely planted species of weaver ant is Mangifera sp. with characteristics of slippery surface habitus, sympodial branching, tree height of 3.9 to 11.5 m and an average canopy of> 65%, more nests found in yards (76%) far from urban areas, the percentage of the dominant nest toward the east , which is 41.8% of the total number of 86 nests.

Keywords


Weaver ant; yard; plantation; Mangifera sp.; Habitus

Full Text:

PDF

References


Falahudin I, 2012.Peranan Semut Rangrang (Oecophylla smaragdina) dalam Pengendalian Biologis pada Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit.IAIN Raden Patah. Palembang. dalamhhtp:/digilib.iinsby.ac.id/7542/1/ buku 6 fix_7.pdf diakses pada tanggal 05 januari 2017.

Fayle, T.M., Bakker, L., Tan M., Alexandra, Francesca, Kai L., Luangyotha, Phouthakone, Bruno H., Palmeirim, Ana F.,Paninhuan., Sebastian K., Sam, P.T., Paul G.,Trevelyan, R. 2010. A positive relationship between ant biodiversity and predatory function across a disturbance gradient in a Asian rain forest. Journal Myrmecological News 14: 5–12.

Harlan, I. 2006. Aktivitas Pencarian Makan dan Pemindahan Larva Semut Rangang Oecophylla smaragdina (Formicidae: Hymenoptera). Jurusan Biologi. Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu alam.Insitut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor. Holldobler, B., dan Wilson, O.W. 1990.The Ants. Belknap Press. USA.

Lim G.T, dan Kirton, L.G. 2001. A Prelimenary study on the prospects (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), by ants(Hymenoptera: formicidae). dalam: Proceeding of the Conference on Forestry and Forest Product Research Tropical Forestry Research in the New Millenium: Meetings Demands and Challenges Kuala Lumpur.

[LIPI] Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia.2012. Semut Oecophylla smaragdina Predator Unggul Pengendali Hama Tanaman dalam http://lipi.go.id/berita/single/SemutOecophylla-smaradigna-F-PredatorUnggul-Pengendali-HamaTanaman/7547.diakses pada tanggal 06 Januari 2017.

Matsumura, M., dan Morimura, S . 2010. Recent status of insecticide resistance in asian rice planthoppers. Journal Japan Agriculture.44 : 225 – 230

Van, M.V., dan Cuc, N.T.T. 2007.Ants As Friend. CAB International. Engham, UK.

Wanger, T.C., Rauf, A., dan Schwarze, S. 2010. Pesticides and tropical biodiversity .Journal Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 8: 178– 179.

Way, M.J., dan Khoo, K.C. 1992. Role of Ants in Pest management .Annual Review of Entomology37 : 479 – 503.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23960%2Fj-bekh.v5i2.2166

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


J-BEKH: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Eksperimen dan Keanekaragaman Hayati
Jurusan Biologi Fakultas MIPA Universitas Lampung
Jl. Sumantri Brojonegoro No. 1 Bandarlampung
Lampung 35145


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.